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February 14, 2022

What is Growth Marketing?


As the subscription space continues to grow, marketers and revenue teams have entered 2022 with unprecedented opportunities as well as significant challenges. The opportunity to secure a competitive edge abounds, but it is increasingly difficult to balance growth strategy with execution across a growing array of available tactics. 

This challenge has led to the continued development of the concept of “growth marketing” (we also hear the term “growth hacking”  occasionally, but there’s no “hacking” involved in actual growth marketing– it’s just data-driven marketing being used as a method to optimize demand generation.) 

Here’s an overview of this critical concept along with a few of the key applications marketers should be considering as they implement their 2022 strategies.

What is Growth Marketing?

Growth Marketing is the process of designing and conducting experiments to optimize and improve the results of a target area. If you have a certain metric you want to increase, growth marketing is a method you can utilize to achieve that.

Growth marketing teams are responsible for

  • Determining areas to test and improve upon
  • Developing and designing experiments to optimize the identified processes
  • Conducting experiments to test hypothesized improvements
  • Analyzing results and conducting further experimentation as needed

Growth marketers use the scientific method to design and carry out these experiments.

Within an organization, growth marketing is an analytically minded function that focuses more on the data side of marketing than the creative aspects.

Accordingly, as revenue teams turn attention to hitting 2022 targets, they increasingly need to focus on their data, analytics, and overall revenue operations. The maturation of HubSpot as a comprehensive CRM, and the expansion of lead enrichment has facilitated and enabled this. Whether your growth strategy resides with a partner or with an in-house demand generation team, analytics should be at its core.


How Can Growth Marketing Be Implemented?

Growth marketing can be applied to many areas within your business. We like to ground our growth marketing approach the AAARRR (or pirate metrics) framework, which covers all major marketing components: Awareness, Acquisition, Activation, Revenue, Retention, and Referral. 


Awareness includes brand-building efforts that educate prospects about your brand and solution. This can encompass tactics like paid campaigns, social media outreach, SEO-optimized content, and company news. 

Marketers have traditionally leveraged digital advertising (most often on Google), to test the messaging and subsequent impact on website traffic. However as the digital ad landscape matures and competitive differentiation becomes more challenging, growth marketing approaches need to be more focused and outcome-driven. For instance, marketers can consider testing multiple message variations to the same audience to see which generates more engagement. We are also seeing marketers leverage “brand gen” tactics (such as paid campaigns that feature signature content offers) to help drive both brand awareness and conversion.

Additionally, social platforms - most notably LinkedIn - offer immense opportunities as both an awareness and expansion driver. Social should be a core component of growth marketing in the years ahead. Experimentation with LinkedIn audience targeting represents a business-critical opportunity for growth marketing teams seeking to both drive awareness and customer closeness. 


Acquisition is the process of generating leads and acquiring net new customers, whether that’s through gated content, chatbots, a freemium sign-up, or something else. For example, Slack acquires users through an email collection form on their homepage. A core component of any growth marketing strategy, this use case reflects the need to experiment with conversion optimization to maximize the number of form submissions. Marketers should consider frequent iteration here, everything from the messaging, to button orientation, to colors, to form strategy. In our own experimentation, constant iteration consistently drives conversion increases.

Download the Essential Guide to Demand Generation to learn the essentials of  deploying this powerful strategy within your business.

Additionally, in 2022, video and content syndication will continue to play a critical role in the acquisition process. Marketers are increasingly diversifying away from traditional formats like webinars and moving toward shorter-form content. Expanding your content syndication should play a major role in your growth marketing efforts this year.


User activation can be defined as the process of getting people to use the product or service they purchase as much or as quickly as possible. The customer onboarding process is part of this. As customer experience rises in importance in the b2b world, this area is increasingly the domain of marketers and revenue teams. For example, Facebook found that if users added seven friends within their first ten days on the platform, they were extremely likely to return and keep engaging with the platform.

Customer closeness initiatives can play a key role in growth marketing approaches through the use of customer data and analytics (HubSpot enables this through their service hub) and promotion of “user generated content” tactics. Experimentation with these can play a key role in growth marketing and will likely become foundational components of demand generation in the future. 


Revenue involves all the actions that make a company money, like customers purchasing a product, signing a contract for a service, or upgrading their current product or service.

Growth marketers can address revenue-related metrics by experimenting with pricing strategies or how the prices are displayed on the prices page. They could also examine upselling tactics, like sending messages when a user is close to their plan’s limit.

A growth marketer might like at a pricing page like Drift’s and conduct experiments around the way the tiers are displayed.

Similarly, revenue analytics represents an increasingly valuable component of growth marketing in 2022. Data enrichment tools make it possible to identify new customer insights, leading to improved marketing opportunities. 


Customer retention is business-critical for any subscription company. Keeping customers delighted is one key component of this, but improving retention can also be a growth marketing play. Data enrichment and customer data science - once prohibitively expensive or resource-intensive for many scaling organizations - is now accessible, including on the HubSpot platform. These technologies provide greater insight into your customer opportunities, helping you better design customer outreach and engagement strategies that drive an improvised overall experience with your brand. 


Ideally, people are so happy with your product or services they’ll just refer new business, but marketers can also create referral programs to incentivize this. 

Tesla offers free supercharger miles in exchange for referrals. A growth marketer could experiment with different incentives or promotional methods around the referral program to increase results.

How Do You Determine What Type of Experiment to Run?

If you have a fully developed growth marketing team, they should be responsible for identifying places to test. And then doing those tests.

If you don’t have a full team of growth marketers, employees from other areas of your company can reach out to your growth marketer with desired areas of improvement.

When choosing experiments, consider the impact that experiment could have. How many people will your experiment affect? Will people reach the step you’re experimenting upon?

For example, if your chatbot is getting a lot of views and interactions with its welcome message, but people aren’t moving past the third message, it wouldn’t make sense to start experimenting on the fourth message. You need to have an impact higher up in that conversation to bring people to that message first.

You also need to ensure your experiment collects information from a large enough sample size to deliver conclusive results. If you’re designing an experiment around something that doesn’t receive many views, you may have to extend the time length of the experiment to capture data from a large enough audience.

The Takeaway

Growth marketing isn’t the right marketing method for every company. It requires a solid foundation to grow from, so if your company is still in the startup phase, you should establish yourself before devoting too many resources to growth marketing. However, as we move into 2022, the rise of data enrichment and the maturation of the HubSpot CRM are enabling this for more companies than ever before.

if you’re at the point where scaling your company is your main goal or you’re seeing high growth and need to tweak your marketing efforts to get more ROI, consider implementing some growth marketing experiments to improve the pirate metrics.

To learn more about how to use data to grow your business, check out our recent webinar on Converting Data into Dollars.

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This post was originally published May 2, 2019 and has been updated for relevance and accuracy.

Guido Bartolacci

Guido is Head of Product and Growth Strategy for New Breed. He specializes in running in-depth demand generation programs internally while assisting account managers in running them for our clients.


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